Game Name: Fletcher Pratt’s Naval Wargame: Wargaming with Model Ships 1900-1945
Author: John Curry
Year: 2011 (Originally published in 1940)
Playing Time: Three hours to days on end
Retail Price: $24.95 on Amazon.com
Category: Naval Miniature Rules
It may seem a bit strange to review a game that essentially hit the market well over sixty years ago but a new reprinting of Fletcher Pratt’s Naval War Game has been made available from wargaming.co. As someone who spent a whole lot of years playing Fletcher’s (as we referred to it) and many other naval miniatures rules, I was really excited to learn that this new edition was in print. The Fletcher Pratt Naval War Game was one of the most successful naval wargames of the 20th century.
For those who aren’t familiar with Fletcher Pratt’s Naval War Game (yes, the title has been changed in the new edition to represent the accepted usage of “wargame” as opposed to “war game”) will be astonished to find the game was originally played across the floors of large areas including ballrooms. Yes, a ballroom! During the height of its popularity, Fletcher’s (as I will refer to the game here on out) could be played by as many as sixty people on a side with referees officiating the action. Each player would be in command of a single ship – sometimes two if destroyers were involved – controlling the movement and firing of their vessel. The scale was one inch equaling fifty feet meaning the sizes of the ships could be rather large and the distances big caliber guns could fire would be staggering thus the need for huge areas to play.
There are some interesting articles that appeared in Life and Sports Illustrated which you can find online that go into a lot of detail about the popularity of Fletcher’s and the incredible amount of investment people had in the game. It’s funny to read about clubs that would play in actual ballrooms, that had a bar onsite that people would have a cocktail or two while they were playing, with cheering sections for spectators. All the B&W photos come from the October 10th, 1938 issue of Life magazine.
It’s important to point out that Fletcher’s can be adjusted for any size so you don’t have to look around for a gymnasium floor to fight it out and a large room or garage floor will nicely fit the bill. We played on areas as small as a kitchen floor measuring no bigger than 10’x10’ with the right scale ships.
In a nutshell, there are three items a player focuses on during a game of Fletcher’s: Moving your ship, calculating the range to fire at your target, and applying any damage received from hits your enemies scored on your ship adjusting the capabilities of your ship. Damage is based on step reduction as each ship has a different point total based on various factors of the real world vessel.
As an example of how your turn would play out you would move your ship based on the top speed. You don’t have to move at top speed but at least you know how far you can move in a given turn. So let’s say my speed is twenty three knots and I’m maxing her out. I would use my trusty movement key that the kindly referee has provided (each knot equals so many fractions of an inch based on the scale) hoping to move into position to bring as many guns to bear on my target – The evil and diabolical Captain Elliott Miller!
Next I have thirty seconds or even up to a minute to estimate the distance to my target and jot that down on my firing sheet along with what guns I’m firing. The original rules automatically include how the shells will fall in the “spread” but we used to write down the distance and how the other shots would trail. I had completely forgotten the spread rules in Fletcher’s because we used to use the range as the starting point and go from there. I could guess 97” and fire ten guns with a ¼” spread so the first shell drops at 97”, the next 96 ¾”, then 96 ½”, and so on. It turns out that the original rules didn’t call for that as your shells will fall beyond and behind your estimated distance.
Also included in the original rules and something that we would toss out, because the scale we would play was much smaller than that called for, was to point an arrow at your target. The measurement to the target would run along this arrow so if you were spot on with the range you might eyeball the target wrong and your shots will land in the drink. I did try this with a few games I ran and it really did add some crazy moments to the proceedings. The arrows did play a large role because they would determine where the shells would hit. Did your shot just hit a turret? Maybe you scored a deck hit on a ship that had very poor deck armor!
Once the referee would measure out the firing and mark on the floor, or on the ship where the shots landed, you would find out how much damage you dealt and also received. As this incorporates a damage reduction system there are no critical hits for a devastating shot sinking a ship in a single blow. Each ship has a total number of damage points and as it loses these points, speed is lost, guns are knocked out, and torpedo tubes are destroyed.
It sounds much more complex than the game actually is. Let’s go back to my example of the battle against Captain Miller.
I move my ship and do my best to make sure I leave myself in a position where I can fire the most guns in a broadside; I’m already in range but I steered closer to him to give my 10” guns a better chance to penetrate his armor. I think Elliott is right around 78” away so I write that range down and take my aiming arrow to point toward his ship. I’ve gotten down to eyeball level on the floor, behind my ship, to make sure I get it right. In games that would have more than one referee I would step away from my ship as they measure my shots, as well as anyone firing at me, so I can’t cheat and try to get a peek at the measurements on the tape measure. Since we only have one ref, I hold the end of the tape measure on my ship and have to look directly down at the ship while the ref measures my range estimate.
The ref moves along and measures out the other ships in the battle and begins to calculate the hits and damage. I can see across the floor that I’ve scored hits on Elliott but I also see my ship has hit markers on it as well. The ref then comes around to tell each player if he hit their target (but not what damage they have done) and how much damage they have received with and hit they may have received. Our referee informs me that I landed two hits on Elliott but that dreaded dead eye Capt. Miller has dropped four shots into my vessel. His guns are large enough so the shells have penetrated the armor where they hit. This means each shell will do full damage; if they hadn’t penetrated then it would be half damage.
For ease of the example, let’s say my ship has 100,000 points, 10 main guns, 20 secondary guns, six torpedo tubes, and a top speed of 26 knots. It turns out that Elliott’s big guns have dealt me 15,000 points of damage! As I started the turn unscathed I now take my ship sheet and, looking at a total of 15,000 points of damage, can see one of my main and three of my secondary guns have been knocked out as well as my top speed is now 22 knots.
Damn you Captain Miller!!!
Fletcher’s is a great game and for everyone outside the referee is very easy to learn and get dug in with. You can teach the basics in no more than five minutes and even people who have no interest in a wargame will enjoy the experience. My brother, who is not a gamer by any stretch of the imagination, enjoyed when I would run Fletcher’s. I want to say Fletcher’s is the only game outside of one time playing Call of Cthulhu my brother ever took part in.
Of course, I’m talking about my experience with the game and haven’t gotten into the new edition.
As a result of extensive research, this new book brings together previously unpublished material into a comprehensive guide to these classic rules, including:
The full rules, with previously unpublished amendments by Fletcher Pratt.
Optional rules as agreed by Fletcher Pratt.
The previously unpublished strategic game.
Solo wargaming rules.
Guidance on how to play the game.
Updates for the rules as suggested by Donald Featherstone.
A sample scenario by Fletcher Pratt, The Action off Murmansk.
An in-depth evaluation of the rules versus naval reality featuring contributions from experts such as James Dunnigan, Commander Bothwell, Fletcher Pratt and Phil Barker.
Sounds like this is going to be a big winner since I have such a great love of Fletcher’s and have such fond memories of playing?
Too bad that’s not the case with this new edition…
It’s obvious that author John Curry has a great love for Fletcher Pratt’s. I don’t doubt that for a minute and kudos have to be given for his attempt to bring this fantastic game back to the public. Yet this new edition is rife with problems that make Fletcher Pratt’s Naval Wargame: Wargaming with Model Ships 1900-1945 an infuriating read as opposed to an enjoyable rulebook to peruse. I can certainly tell this is a print on demand book and an example of the worst POD I have ever seen. Granted, the binding is nice but the good about the presentation just about ends there.
The original rules make up the bulk of first section of the book and they are presented as they were in what appears to be the 1978 edition. I have no issue with that outside the fact that the original range/gun size/armor penetration chart is illegible. This is a crucial part of the game and you need to be able to read this graph in order to have any chance to play. If I took a copy of this chart from my original copy of the game, tore it out of the book, crumpled it, uncrumpled it, made a copy on a broken photo copier, continued to make copies of each previous copy, and then ran the last copy under water I could still read the graph a lot easier than what’s included in this book.
The black and white photographs throughout the book are mainly washed out and poorly reproduced. I can’t say for sure if this was just the case with the book I received or if this is a problem with the entire run. For the most part, the photos are so poor they should never have been included as they’re more distracting than anything else. Speaking of distractions let’s talk about the text of the book itself.
Author John Curry has an unnatural affection for footnotes as they seem to be all over the place, in chapter titles, throughout paragraphs, and I was surprised some of the footnotes don’t have additional footnotes even attached to them! I love the fact that many times there’s a footnote indication but the footnote is nowhere to be found. Yep. I loved that! A personal note to the author: If you have a chapter, that you’ve written, just include your byline; you don’t have to include a footnote to indicate that you’re the author! This is simply one of the infuriating problems this book has.
Outside of the original rules, the book is rife with grammatical and word processing errors. I can say with confidence Fletcher Pratt’s Naval Wargame: Wargaming with Model Ships 1900-1945 wasn’t even professionally proofread let alone had an editor grace its pages. Plus, I can barely find a single page that doesn’t have ASCII symbols popping up in the midst of words. The book itself is digest sized and sports a fairly large font, yet you’ll see these symbols multiple times on one page. In fact, I counted five of these errors on one page alone. Add in poor grammar and misspellings and you’ll understand why I was almost tempted to toss this book in the trash once I was finished!
The additions for the most part don’t add a whole lot to the Fletcher’s experience and, even though it’s interesting to see these tidbits from long ago, I can see why some of them haven’t seen the light of day since they originally may have appeared. Way too much space is devoted to defending Fletcher’s historical accuracy as well. I’m right with Donald Weatherstone when he says Fletcher’s is the most fun naval wargame ever created but no one ever said it was a the best simulation of naval combat of the period. Much of the info regarding historical accuracy reads as sour grapes and seems more suited to a debate on ConSimWorld as opposed to something I would expect to find in a published work.
In the end, Fletcher’s is a fantastic game even if I discount my own nostalgia of my experiences with it over the years. As I mentioned early on, I’m sure John Curry has even more affection for the game than I but his edition of the rules are a disaster. A good deal of the blame might be attributed to the company printing this on demand but John has to take credit for the awfulness as well. If Fletcher Pratt’s Naval Wargame: Wargaming with Model Ships 1900-1945 was something to be downloaded for free or a PDF for a couple of bucks I’d be a lot more forgiving. If I can take the time to make sure that proper English, grammar, and formatting are reflected on a website that is available to the public at absolutely no charge I should be able to expect the same for a book that I spend $25.00 (and shipping) to receive. There are no excuses for this wretched presentation of a beloved classic!
Update 1/21/12: As seen in the comments below, John Curry asked me to contact him regarding what he claims was a “pre-publication test version” I received. I made two attempts to contact him to offer him the opportunity for me to revise this review if this truly was the case and I somehow received a rulebook that is not currently for sale to the public. If there is a corrected book he could send that along – he states people who received this “test version” were contacted and so they could receive the corrected publication. More than a week later I have still received no response from John which leads me to believe the book I received is in fact the edition that is still being sold and no corrected edition actually exists. I see John responded to the review within 24 hours to take issue but as far as my personal correspondence? Not so fast… At this point in time I will assume that there is no corrected version of the book and what I purchased and reviewed is in fact the rulebook on sale. As that is most likely the case, I certainly can’t recommend anyone buying this edition of the Fletcher Pratt rules and I personally will not be purchasing anything else from Wargaming.co in the future.